We recommend authors strive to make their data as open as possible and as closed as necessary. However, we recognize that openly sharing data may not always be feasible due to ethical considerations or third-party restrictions.
Datasets that contain personal data can often be shared by ensuring you have informed consent for data sharing, have applied appropriate anonymization techniques, and/or controlled access to the data.
Where human data cannot be sufficiently de-identified to protect participant privacy, we recommend depositing the data into a controlled access repository if your ethical approval permits you to do so.
If you cannot share the data in a repository, please include in your data availability statement: an explanation of the data protection concern; what, if anything, the relevant Institutional Review Board (IRB) or equivalent said about data sharing; and, where applicable, all necessary information required for a reader or reviewer to apply for access to the data and the conditions under which access will be granted.