Article types | Share and get credit for all your research outputs

Article types

Share and get credit for all your research outputs with F1000’s wide range of article types 

Research outputs come in various formats, though they aren’t always shared with the academic community. At F1000, we believe non-traditional research outputs hold real value for both the individual researcher and society.  

When you publish all your research outputs, you not only get credit for the full scope of your research project but also add transparency to your research process and open the door for greater impact and visibility.

Plus, publishing more research outputs to the version of record has the potential to aid the advancement of science more generally by reducing research waste and enabling others to build upon existing work. This, in turn, increases the efficiency of future projects and enables further discoveries.

F1000 publishing venues welcome an extensive list of peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed article types.

All our articles are published with a unique digital object identifier (DOI) to enable increased discoverability and citations. 

Explore all our peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed article types below. Please note that available article types may differ between F1000 publishing venues.


How to get the most out of your research project

Fill in the form below to explore the various article types you can publish.

Peer reviewed article types

Brief Reports

Brief Reports are small, often preliminary studies that contain only essential references, and minimal tables and figures, placing full attention on empirical methods, results, and data analysis, and the implications of those results.

Case Reports

A medical Case Report should be original and provide adequate detail of a single patient case. Case Reports do not need to describe an especially novel or unusual case as there is a benefit from collecting details of many standard cases. 

Case Studies

Case Studies are a process or record of research into the development of a person, group, or situation over a period of time. They are an empirical inquiry that investigates research application through real-life context or imagined scenarios.

Clinical Practice Articles

Clinical Practice Articles describe case series (i.e. a group or series of case reports involving patients who were given similar treatment) but should not be based on a single case. 


Correspondence articles are short commentaries on one or more articles published at an F1000 publishing venue or elsewhere. They must provide scholarly discussion supported by evidence from the published literature. 

Data Notes

Data Notes are brief descriptions of datasets that promote the potential reuse of research data and include details of why and how the data were created; they do not include any analyses or conclusions. 


Essays are analytic or interpretive compositions on a single topic. This could include articles outlining an argument or personal point of view. Peer review focuses on whether the research methods are appropriate, and whether the claims in the paper are sound.

Genome Notes

Genome Notes are brief descriptions of genome sequences that promote the potential reuse of sequences and include details of why and how the genomes were sequenced; they do not include any analyses or conclusions. 

Living Systematic Reviews

Living Systematic Reviews (LSRs) are continually updated as new evidence become available. LSRs employ a methodology of constant surveillance of the literature to identify new evidence that becomes available following the publication of the baseline systematic review.

Method Articles

Method Articles detail new and well-tested experimental, observational, theoretical, or computational methods or procedures, including new study methods, substantive modifications to methods, or innovative applications of existing methods to new models. 

Open Letters

Open Letters are short, peer reviewed articles discussing policies relevant to a broad research community, presenting guidelines or whitepapers, or announcing new initiatives. An Open Letter should usually represent the views of a group of researchers. 

Opinion Articles

Opinion Articles give the authors’ perspective on a topical issue. Where appropriate, authors should provide a balanced view of different opinions in the field and make it clear where they are expressing their own personal views and why. 

Policy Briefs

Policy Briefs provide a succinct overview and analysis of a policy or policy-related issue. The article should include a section on implications while actionable recommendations and policy options are encouraged. As much as possible, Policy Briefs should be written to be understood by the public.

Registered Reports

Registered Reports are a form of an empirical article in which the methods and proposed analyses are published and reviewed prior to research being conducted. This format of the article seeks to neutralize a variety of inappropriate research practices, including inadequate statistical power and selective reporting of results. 

Research Articles

Research Articles should present originality in findings and insights and offer theoretical, empirical, experimental, and/or methodological advances to their respective fields of research. Null and negative findings and reanalysis of previous studies leading to new results, as well as confirmatory results, are also encouraged. 


Reviews provide a balanced and comprehensive overview of the latest discoveries in a particular field. We welcome Review Articles that summarize topics that have not yet been covered the same way in the existing published literature. Reviews should not include new research, data, or propose new hypotheses

Software Tool Articles

A Software Tool Article should include the rationale for the development of the tool and details of the code used for its construction. The article should provide examples of suitable input data sets and include an example of the output that can be expected from the tool and how this output should be interpreted. 

Study Protocols

Study Protocols describe in detail any study design, including the experimental design of basic and applied research, systematic reviews, or protocols defining research questions and empirical methods. Study pre-protocols may also be submitted and will be clearly labeled as such when published.

Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews should address a clearly formulated question and use systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically assess the relevant research. 

Non-peer reviewed article types at F1000

In addition to our peer reviewed article types, some of our publishing venues also publish scholarly posters, slides, and documents. This includes F1000Research, Routledge Open Research, and Gates Open Research, to name a few. Please refer to the ‘How to Publish’ page on your chosen publishing venue for specific information on available article types.  

Scholarly posters and slides

You may be invited by a Gateway or Collection to submit your scholarly posters or slides to an F1000 publishing venue, such as those presented at a conference.

We are also happy to accept posters and slides that directly relate to previous publications, as well as those that are unpublished elsewhere.

We accept posters and slides in all languages; however, we do require that the metadata, i.e., the title, the author’s names and affiliations, the description, and the keywords are written in English.

Currently, we accept scholarly posters in PDF format and slides in PPT/PPTX and PDF formats.

Posters and slides are not peer reviewed and are published under a CC BY 4.0 license.  


Some of our publishing venues publish documents that are the result of research projects. This includes, but is not limited to: 

  • Policy Documents 
  • Impact Reports 
  • Conference Proceedings 
  • Technical Reports 
  • Meeting Reports 
  • Strategy Documents 

Documents are not peer reviewed and are published under a CC BY 4.0 license.  

Benefits of publishing a variety of research outputs

You choose what could be valuable for the wider research community and publish it with a unique DOI. By contributing more research outputs to your field, you can tell the full story of your research and expand your influence. 

Make a greater impact with your work by allowing other researchers access to every part of your research project. When your data, methods, and results are openly accessible, other researchers can build upon your findings. 

Publishing Brief Reports, Method Articles, Registered Reports, and Study Protocols helps to inform the scientific community about what research is being done, which helps to avoid duplication and to better coordinate research efforts. Plus, you’ll receive feedback on your study before executing it.  

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How to get the most out of your research project